What You Need to Know About Type 1 Diabetes?
In modern times due to irregular lifestyle many people are struggling with the problem of diabetes. Diabetes is also known as the 'silent killer'. If this disease happens to someone once, then it does not leave the person for life. Diabetes can affect many other parts of the body. Patients with diabetes have to face problems in the eyes, liver disease, problems in the kidneys and feet. Earlier this disease used to occur only after the age of forty, but nowadays it is becoming a major cause of concern even in children.
What is Diabetes?
When there is less insulin reaching the pancreas in the body, the level of glucose in the blood increases. This condition is called diabetes. Insulin is a hormone. It is made by the digestive gland. Its job is to convert food into energy inside the body. This hormone controls the amount of sugar in our body. When there is a problem of diabetes, the body has to face difficulty in making energy from food. In this condition, the increased level of glucose damages various organs in the body.
Types of Diabetes
There are two types of diabetes. Diabetes Type-1 and Diabetes Type-2 (Type-1 Diabetes and Type-2 Diabetes). There is a big difference between these two types of diabetes. Know, after all, what is the difference between the two diabetes-
Type 1 diabetes
The problem of type 1 diabetes can also be seen in a child from birth. This diabetes can happen even at a very young age. In this condition, insulin is not produced inside the body at all. In type 1 diabetes, this happens because the pancreas stops producing insulin due to genetic reasons. It is also called 'autoimmune disorder'. In this diabetes, the body's own cells react as enemies for some cells and attack them and destroy those cells.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is caused by a poor lifestyle. The main reasons for this are excess fat, not sleeping on time, excessive intoxication, high BP, sleeping till late in the morning and inactive lifestyle. In type 2 diabetes, the production of insulin in the body is also reduced. This happens due to physical activities and wrong eating habits. Due to less insulin in the body, the cells present in the blood show very less sensitivity to insulin. Because of this, the amount of glucose in the blood increases and the person becomes a victim of type-2 diabetes.
Symptoms of Diabetes
- excessive thirst-
- feeling hungry
- more frequent urination
The early symptoms of diabetes are related to increased levels of glucose in the blood and urine. The symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar.
Other symptoms of diabetes are: lack of water in the body
- weight gain or loss
- inability to heal wounds, blisters, or cuts
- itchy skin
- dry mouth
- increased susceptibility to infection
- blurred vision
Your body usually becomes dehydrated while on sugar. Dehydration makes you very thirsty.
Due to the presence of excess sugar in the blood, the kidneys work harder to clean the blood and remove the excess sugar from the body through urine. Due to this frequent urination comes. Excessive thirst and frequent urination are the main symptoms of diabetes.
Due to the lack of glucose in the cells, the body's energy supply is not full and the diabetic patient always feels tired and he starts feeling hungry quickly. Both men and women with diabetes can develop yeast infections between the hands and toes, around the genitals and under the breast. Weight loss, nausea and vomiting, hair fall, blurry vision, dryness or itching of the skin are some other symptoms of diabetes.
Best medical centre in Abu Dhabi
Adam and Eve Specialized Medical Centre’s internal medicine doctors will help patients in treating diabetes and maintain a healthy lifestyle. Consult our internal medicine doctor today.