Take Action to Prevent Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer that is diagnosed in women. The mortality rate is increasing due to late detection of breast cancer. Much has to be done to spread awareness in most of the developed and developing countries.
Mutations in genes cause uncontrolled growth of breast cells, leaving no population or breed to survive. In the worldwide statistics on breast cancer cases by WHO, it was said that it is the most common form of cancer in women. Countries in Africa and the Middle East had lower cases rates than in North America and Europe; However, survival rates have varied. Unfortunately, this needs attention, although Africa and the Middle East have low survival rates compared to other parts of the world. Early detection and lack of awareness have been seen as the main reasons for the reduced survival rate. This problem has become more difficult with rising rates in developing countries.
What are breast cancers? Breast cancer is the uncontrolled growth of breast cells. Usually penetrating the lobules and milk ducts, they invade healthy cells and spread to other parts of the body. In some cases, breast cancer can affect other breast tissue as well.
Breast cancer risk factors
There are several identified risk factors for breast cancer in women.
- family history.
- Mutations in genes such as BRCA1, BRCA2 and p53.
- prolonged exposure to endogenous estrogens.
- Premature first menstruation.
- late menopause.
- contraceptive pill.
- hormone replacement therapy.
Other lifestyle risk factors include alcohol use, physical inactivity, obesity and short-term breastfeeding.
Breast cancer is classified into stage 0, IA, IB, IIA, IIB, IIIA, IIIB, IIIC and stage IV. Each stage refers to the spread of the cancer, where the final stage refers to metastasis to other parts of the body. The last stage is very dangerous and there is little chance of survival. It is very important for the women of the country to know the early signs and symptoms of breast cancer so that the survival rate can be increased and cancer can be completely avoided.
Following are five warning signs that may indicate having breast cancer, which one should not ignore.
Lumps or Warts in Breast This is one of the most common symptoms seen in cases of breast cancer. Lumps in the breast should be checked, even if the lumps are tender.
Swelling in whole or any part of breast Any swelling in one part of the breast or in the entire breast is a cause of a problem. While it can also occur in conditions such as infection or pregnancy, it is important to find out if there are other symptoms such as burning and/or dimpling of the breast skin. Self-contained breast exams will help check for any unusual changes. If this happens, women should contact a doctor immediately.
Changes in the skin of the breast can also be a sign of breast cancer
- Irritation/redness of the skin.
- Thickening of the skin
- Dimpling of breast tissue.
- change in skin texture
Changes in the Nipple Any abnormal fluid discharge from the nipple should not be ignored. Also, pressing of the nipple inwards can also be a symptom of breast cancer . If there is pain in the nipple, then it should also be treated.
Lumps in Underarm If there is a lump in the underarm, it is more likely to be related to the breasts. Breast tissue extends to the underarms. Also, breast cancer can spread to the lymph nodes under the arms. Reducing women's risk factors includes lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight, not smoking and consuming alcohol, and eating a diet rich in vegetables, fish and low-fat products, as well as having regular mammograms.
Medical centre in Abu Dhabi
Adam and Eve Specialized Medical Centre’s obstetric and gynecology doctor will help in breast cancer prevention and avoid its life-threatening effects. Consult our doctor today.