Treat Ear Infections in Children

treat ear infections in children

When you see fluid discharge from your kid’s ear, tugging of ear, clingy and crying heavily even after feeding, the baby has lost the interest in eating and many more. You as a mother might stand puzzled thinking what’s happening with my kid, how to ease the pain, is it because of ear wax buildup or ear infection? But here is the brief description on how to differentiate ear infections from others by detailing the cause, the symptoms, prevention tools and more. For the proper diagnosis meet with the best medical centre Abu Dhabi.

What is an ear infection?

ear infection

Our ear is segmented to outer, middle and inner ear. The Middle ear and the nasal cavity are connected by a eustachian tube, which is narrow at the beginning and widens as it comes to the middle ear. It is closed in the most parts, but opens in a while to equalize the air pressure and drain out fluids that are secreted by the middle ear. But this invites the risk of infections, the entry of bacteria’s and virus making middle ear the primary location of ear infection. Examine if your kid has an ear infection with ENT clinic in Abu Dhabi.

What are the types of ear infections?

  • Acute otitis media
  • Otitis media with effusion
  • Chronic otitis media with effusion

Acute otitis media (AOM) is that type of ear infection, where the middle ear suffers from bacterial infection causing discomfort and piercing pain. Otitis media with effusion (OME) or glue ear occurs where there is fluid accumulation in the middle ear and becomes the stage for infection. Chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) is the chronic stage of an ear infection when the fluid gets trapped in repeated times with or without the involvement of infections.

Babies from 6 months to 3 years get further prone to ear infections for at least once in their lifetime. Get them examined in the ENT Clinic in Abu Dhabi.

What causes ear infections in kids?

  • Underdeveloped immune system: kid’s immunity system is in the process of developing because of which they are susceptible to ear infections.
  • Common cold: the cold virus along with mucus passes through the eustachian tube and reaches the middle ear. Where it stays and develops an infection. Whenever your kid suffers from common cold or flu visit the best medical centre Abu Dhabi.
  • Sore throat infection: the bacteria or virus that agents for a sore throat can also cause OME.
  • Sinonasal infection: nasal sinuses, where bacteria’s causes inflammation around nasal passages, which in turn can cause inflammation in the eustachian tube, as a result of which pressure develops in the middle ear and blocks the way of eliminating fluids.
  • Allergies: allergies caused by airborne irritants can cause inflammation in the nasal passages, like the Sinonasal it causes inflammation in the eustachian tube.
  • Accumulation of milk in the eustachian tube: if your toddler drinks milk from the bottle while lying on back, there are chances that the milk/formula can clear out to the laryngopharynx through the middle ear. The fluid trapped can cause ear infections with inflammation and pain.
  • Exposure to smoke and pollution: kids exposed to passive smoking and pollution are at a higher risk of ear infections.

What are the symptoms of ear infections?

  • Tugging or pulling of ear
  • Loss of appetite
  • Discharge of fluids from the ear
  • The unpleasant smell coming from the ear
  • Fever
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Cold or a sore throat
  • Poor response to sounds

What are the treatments for an ear infection?

treatments for ear infection

  • Consult your ENT specialist in the best medical centre Abu Dhabi
  • Do not medicate your child yourself by ear drops or painkillers
  • You may use a warm or cold compress above the ear
  • Elevate your kids head using a pillow
  • Stop using feeding bottles

Professional treatments:

  • Antibiotics
  • Ear drops
  • Insertion of a tympanostomy tube in the ear
  • Adenoid or tonsil removal for a chronic ear infection

Consult at least two ENT specialist in the best medical centre Abu Dhabi before going for a surgery. If both the doctors recommend then move forward for the surgery.

How to prevent ear infections in the toddlers?

how to prevent ear infection in toddlers

    • Hygiene

It’s important that your kid follow hygienic routines like washing his/her hands before eating and after using washrooms.  This practice is important as it can reduce the ingestion of pathogens, bacteria’s and virus, which possibly can cause ear infections in the middle ear by passing through the eustachian tube.

      • Convert

Convert your toddler’s feeding bottle habit to drinking through glass habit. As mentioned above feeding bottles are linked with ear infections in many cases.

      • Cover

Cover your child’s ears while bathing him/her. If your kid has a habit of going for swimming, cover their ears.

      • Avoid passive smoking

Kids or babies at any point should never be exposed to passive smoking as it is not only dangerous for the lungs and more, it can increase the risk of ear infections.

      • Immunizing

Protect your kid against cold and other upper respiratory infections which are related to the causing of ear infections in kids. By providing timely vaccines for pneumonia and influenza pathogens are helpful in preventing ear infections. Consult with the ENT specialist in the best medical centre Abu Dhabi for knowing the proper time period to take the specific vaccinations.

      • Stay alert to allergies

If your child shows allergy symptoms to some allergic agents, then make sure your kid stays away from it, as there are chances that the allergy can trigger ear infection or cause an ear infection.

Throat and Voice Related Problems – Conditions That Can Affect Your Voice

Throat Related Diseases Treatment in UAE

Not many of us are aware of the various problems that we might face in our throat or voice book. Many times we tend to not notice them until throat problems or voice related throat problems are absolutely unavoidable. It is a surprise to know that there are multitudes of medical problems that might cause extended voice problems.

However, you do not need to worry about it. You must have a regular and periodic visit to a good medical clinic Abu Dhabi so that you will be updated about your health. In this blog, we will try to help you out by outlining some of the common causes of vocal difficulties and hoarseness. If your voice becomes hoarse frequently or you notice any changes in your voice for an extended period of time, you must consult at your nearest medical centre Abu Dhabi. 

Common causes of voice changes

Acute Laryngitisent clinic in Abu dhabi | Acute Laryngitis | AESMC

Acute laryngitis is one of the most common causes of hoarseness and voice loss. It can start just suddenly without any warnings! It is mainly caused by some viral infection that eventually leads to swelling of the vocal cords. This swelling results in the hoarseness of your voice.

In such situations, it is always advised that you drink lots of water and rest. You must also speak less as you could injure your cords due to excessive speaking. Acute Laryngitis could cause a serious injury to the vocal cords.

Chronic LaryngitisVoice Related Throat Pain | Medical Centre Abu Dhabi

This disease could be caused by acid reflux diseases or by getting exposed to irritating substances such as smoke. You can get chronic laryngitis because of low-grade infections. One common infection is the yeast infections of the vocal cords. This usually happens in people who use inhalers for asthma.

People who are undergoing chemotherapy can also face these infections as well because their immune system is a little weak at this time.

Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Disease (LPRD)Throat Problem Solution in Abu Dhabi

If you have a reflux of stomach juice into the throat, there are high chances that you face hoarseness or swallowing problems. The common symptoms include the lump in the throat, pain while swallowing etc.

Overuse and misuse of voice

Just like in other physical activities, your body gets tired when you speak! Speaking involves the movement of various muscle groups. Therefore, if you overuse or exhaust yourself due to excessive speaking, you might face problems of hoarseness of your voice.

There are some common situations that lead to voice overuse and voice misuse. They include speaking in a high pitch for a longer time, using mobile phones for a longer period of time or speaking continuously in noisy situations.

Benign vocal cord lesions

Voice misuse or overuse can lead to benign non-cancerous growths on the vocal cords. These lesions can lead to hoarseness and pain in your vocal cords. The types of lesions include cysts, nodules and polyps. These problems need proper attention and therapy. They can be cured easily when treated properly.

Haemorrhage of the vocal cords

If you feel that you are suffering from a sudden loss of voice after a period of yelling or shouting, it is highly possible that you have incurred a vocal cord haemorrhage. It mainly happens when any of your vocal cord blood vessels rupture. It is advised to seek immediate medical attention in such cases and take rest until fully recovered.

Paralysis of the vocal cord

Sometimes, you could face hoarseness or voice loss due to some neurological problems. You might suffer from paralysis of your vocal cords due to poor neurological transmission. Paralysis could happen because of problems like infections, tumours or for any other unknown reasons. At times, it could take a few months to heal, while at other times, paralysis could be permanent. There are few chances for the paralyzed vocal cords to move again. However, with proper therapy and surgery, there are chances that your voice can be improved.

For the surgery, it is important that you consult a good specialist in the best clinic Abu Dhabi. A good doctor is definitely a must! There are a number of different surgical techniques that can help you. Your doctor might also encourage some forms of voice therapy as they are quite effective in solving the issues. At times, all you would actually need is just the therapy!

Besides these common problems, hoarseness or reduced voice quality could also be caused by cancer of the vocal cords. In such situations, visiting an oncologist is mandatory.

So, if you are facing any kind of issues with your voice or you are experiencing hoarseness or pain in your vocal cord, you must visit your nearby doctor immediately. While it may not be dangerous or risky all the time, prevention is always better than cure! If you face prolonged voice hoarseness and pain, you must seek immediate medical help as things could go beyond your control as well.

Ear Problems and Dizziness

Dizziness ear problems treatments in UAE

The balance system of your body depends on your eyes, brain and your inner ears working together in a proper sync. Whenever there is damage to this relationship, you might experience dizziness. If you belong to Abu Dhabi and you face such problems, you can simply visit any nearby medical centre Abu Dhabi and get an ENT consultation.

More about ear problems and associated dizzinessdizziness treatment specialist in UAE

The core part involved in the balance of the body is the inner ear. However, to maintain perfect balance, proper co-ordination is required between the three main parts: the balance organ inside the inner ear, the eyes and the various muscles and joints that you have in the body. Whenever there is any trouble in these three organs, you can experience any form of dizziness like maybe a sensation of unsteadiness or head reeling and spinning, or a general feeling of disorientation as compared to the surroundings. There are a number of medical clinic Abu Dhabi that can help you get over this problem easily.

Inner ear reasons for dizzinessInner Ear pain reason of Dizziness

If you are suffering from dizziness due to any issues in your inner ear, do not panic. It is one of the most common types of dizziness that is experienced by people mainly because of any blood circulation disturbances or a change in the inner ear fluid pressure. It could also be caused by any extra pressure that is exerted on the balance nerve or any physiologic changes that may happen in the balance nerve.

These interruptions could cause not only dizziness, but may also lead to hearing loss or ringing in the ears (tinnitus). This inner ear –caused dizziness might give you a feeling of spinning or vertigo sensation, unsteadiness, whirling or light headedness. It may be intermittent or even constant! These symptoms are commonly aggravated by particular head movements or any sudden changes in the posture and position of the body. You may experience nausea and vomiting, but there is nothing to worry in such cases. What symptoms you will experience primarily depends on what portion of your inner ear is affected.

How to evaluate dizziness due to ear problems?Dizziness Treatment in A bu Dhabi

You should start evaluating or testing for dizziness with a hearing test. The hearing organ or cochlea is situated in the same structure as the balance organ in the ear. You can ask your ENT for a behavioural hearing test conducted in a sound booth. This could be followed by the ABR test, which is the Auditory Brainstem Response. This test is designed to non-invasively record the brainstem responses to stimuli of sound. In this test, the brain waves are captured. You just have to comfortable lie down with closed eyes. Whether or not you have any hearing loss or other anomalies can be known by this test and your doctor will know about the cause of your dizziness.

Another usual test that can be carried out to evaluate balance is the videonystagmography or VNG that is usually performed by an audiologist or an ENT. In this test, a video recorder is used to provide visual stimulus and it is placed in various positions. During this, the ear canals are stimulated constantly with cool and warm water. It is a comprehensive test that will clear out whether your dizziness is due to the inner ear problems or is there any other cause for this dizziness.

What are the treatments for dizziness?

The best treatment for your dizziness depends on the underlying cause of it. So once you are clear with why your dizziness is occurring, you can consult the respective doctor and get your problems solved. When you experience heavy dizziness, you can have some temporary medication to control it, as prescribed by your physician. However, all forms of medication must be stopped prior to your evaluation. Some other common causes of dizziness that could happen due to any problem in your inner ear include bacterial infection, viral infection, allergies, motion sickness or any other medications.

There are various common ways of treating dizziness like head positioning, medication, diet or even surgery. If you are facing dizziness due to thyroid problems or diabetes, the treatment will require you to control those problems first and your dizziness will slowly go away. You can also consult physical therapists who are experts in vestibular rehabilitation. This is a treatment for correcting the balance disorders. In this they gradually make the brain retain all the lost sensory inputs. Your doctor may prescribe Valium if you are not able to bear with the dizziness.

When should you consult an ENT?

When you are unable to control your dizziness or it has been prolonging for quite some time, you should not delay any further and immediately consult an ENT. If your pain is too much to take, instead of self-medication, it is always good to go for a doctor who will guide you through your pain. You can go to any best clinic Abu Dhabi to get medical assistance for your dizziness caused by any ear problems.

Reasons For Hearing Loss

Treatment for hearing loss

After a certain age, our hearing ability reduces. This is very common in most of the people all over the world. Almost 50% of the people above the age of 65 suffer from some degree of hearing loss. This is not something to worry about. However, there are many young individuals who suffer from hearing loss, and this is a matter of concern. What makes this problem even more scary is the fact that in most of the cases, reversing this hearing loss is not possible. Therefore, once you lose your hearing power, there is a very big possibility that you may have to spend the rest of your life without the same.

The first in getting treatment for a problem is to know that a problem exists. Hence, it is important that before you head towards a medical centre Abu Dhabi, you should know when you are experiencing any sort of hearing difficulties. Some of the common symptoms that you should look out for in this regard are as follows:

  • Speech and other sounds around you start to appear muffled.
  • When sitting in a crowd, if you find it difficult to understand words, it may be a cause of worry.
  • If you have any trouble listening to consonants.
  • If you need to request other people to speak a little slower, louder or clearly, you may have to get your hearing ability checked.
  • If you feel the need to increase the volume of your television set or radio above the normal levels.

There are many reasons for this hearing loss to occur. Some of these reasons have been discussed below:

Inherited Hearing LossHearing loss treatment

The genetic traits passed down by your parents may be responsible for your hearing problems. Inherited hearing loss can be of many different types like conductive, sensorineural or a mixture of both. There are more than 400 known genetic syndromes which can cause this inherited hearing loss. Some of the common syndromes include Waardenburg syndrome, Branchiootorenal syndrome, Stickler syndrome, Usher syndrome, Pendred syndrome, Alport syndrome, etc. This problem occurs slowly over a long period of time, and by the time it does occur, often it gets confused with age related hearing loss.

Aging Hearing LossHearing care centre in Abu Dhabi

This problem is also known as Presbycusis and occurs as the age of a person increases. The hearing ability lost under this condition is generally permanent in nature and cannot be reversed under any circumstances.

Noise Induced Hearing Loss

Exposure to loud noises on a continuous basis for a very long time is the primary cause for this type of hearing loss. The loud noises can be of any type like construction work noises, traffic noises, loud music, etc. While in the early stages, this type of hearing loss is temporary in nature, and moving away from exposure to loud noises can help in regaining the hearing ability, however, if the exposure continues on a chronic basis, then the results can be damaging on a permanent level.

Illness Related Hearing Loss

There are many different diseases and ailments which can result in hearing loss. There are many diseases, the treatment of which can affect the hearing ability of a person. the two most common diseases which result in hearing problems are as follows:

  • Otosclerosis – The tiny bones in the middle of the ear get affected by this disease and cause conductive hearing loss. A simple surgery can help in reversing the effect of this disease.
  • Meniere’s disease – While the causes of this disease are still not known, one of the biggest symptoms of the same includes loss of hearing power.

Unilateral Hearing LossUnilateral Hearing loss

In this case, the hearing in only one ear gets affected. Only when a person tries to hear sounds from that ear does he or she face any problems, while the other ear performs perfectly. There are many reasons for this unilateral hearing loss, which is also commonly known as single sided deafness. Some of those reasons include the following:

  • Some sort of trauma to the ear, which is experiencing hearing loss.
  • Autoimmune ear diseases can also cause loss of hearing power in one ear.
  • A single ear getting exposed to a lot of noise.
  • It can also be a result of some genetic or hereditary condition.
  • Infection in a single ear can cause damage to that particular ear only.

Head Trauma And Tumors

A tumor like acoustic neuroma can cause loss of hearing. This sort of loss is generally temporary in nature and once the tumor has been treated, the hearing ability can return fully.

It is very important that the medical clinic Abu Dhabi first determines the exact cause of hearing loss in you. The best clinic Abu Dhabi  will decide on the course of treatment on the basis of the reason for loss of hearing only.