Nose is undoubtedly one of the most important sensory organs in our body. It helps to detect us thousands of pleasant and unpleasant fragrances & smells that surround us. It is a sensitive and prominent facial feature that can quickly detect the presence of an unwanted and foul smell. Thanks to this very precious organ that almighty has gifted all of us and it is because of the nose, we can smell the exotic aroma of a freshly brewed coffee, the scent of your favourite and prized cologne and other such fragrances. All of these feeling & emotions evoking and sensory delights are brought to our experience with our remarkable and incredible nose.
But sometimes, the presence of certain medical and health conditions can lead to the narrowing of the nasal airway passage and severe nasal infections. Also, in some of the other medical conditions, pollen, ragweed and grass enters the nose and can possibly lead to trigger certain nasal conditions.
Now, let’s get on to know what are the most common nose related disorders and their treatments:
Sinusitis: Sinus is defined as the air space between our skull and facial bones that make up the upper part of the respiratory tract from the nose to the throat. The sinuses are present in the forehead (frontal sinuses), inside the cheekbones (maxillary sinuses), and behind the nose (ethmoid and sphenoid sinuses). Therefore any inflammation of the tissues lining the sinuses is called as the sinusitis. Also, the infections with viruses, bacteria or allergies are the major cause of getting sinusitis. At the first instance, it may start with a common cold and later this inflammation can lead to the bacterial colonization and can cause a bacterial sinus infection.
Symptoms: Some of the most common symptoms of sinus include pressure and pain in the sinuses (different areas of the face and behind the areas of eyes). When infected with a severe infection, symptoms may include a yellow or green colour discharge from the nose, headache, sore throat, fever and an overall feeling of fatigue.
Treatment: For the best of medical treatments, visit the best medical clinic in Abu Dhabi. To diagnose the symptoms of the sinus disease, your ENT might use X Rays or CT scans to confirm if you are suffering from sinus. After proper examination, if your infection comes out to be acute, then your medical treatment may involve decongestants, antibiotics, nasal steroid sprays, irrigations and antihistamines. But if your infection keeps coming back and is not responding to the antibiotics, then you may have to go for a surgery that is Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (ESS). It is performed under local anaesthesia and is performed to remove the tissues that are obstructing the nasal passage by using the latest technology and micro telescopes. This surgery involves no scarring and has minimal swelling and only mild discomfort.
Nasal Polyps: This again is the other common nose related disorder and does not account for any big symptoms. Nasal polyps are usually soft and noncancerous growth that are formed on the lining of the nose or the sinus tissues that is often caused by inflammation and other allergies and infections. Nasal polyps are often blamed for frequent infections and difficulty in breathing properly.
Symptoms: There are no such big symptoms of this nose disorder.
Treatment: At times, proper medications are sufficient to shrink, eliminate or remove the nasal polyps. But, at severe nose medical conditions, there may arise a need to opt for a surgical removal. Surgical removal is also beneficial along with medications to prevent the more nasal polyps from developing. For best of health treatment, visit the medicinal centre Abu Dhabi.
Deviated Septum: The nasal septum is defined by the vertical wall that divides your nasal cavity in two equal sections. The ideal nasal septum is always midline and would be the one that equally divides both the sides (right & left) of the nasal cavity into a nasal passageway that is divided into two equal sides. A deviated nasal septum happens when the septum is severely shifted away from the midline of the nasal cavity. However, it is also found that 80% of the nasal septum are always slightly off centre and result in causing difficulty in breathing.
Symptoms: The commons symptoms of a ‘deviated septum’ are as follows:
- Nasal congestion, most of the times it is one-sided
- Blockage of one nostril that further leads to difficulty in breathing through the entire nose
- Frequent and common nosebleeds
- Repetitive and frequent sinus infections
- Noisy and heavy breathing during the night time, especially in the kids and newborn babies
- Excessive facial pain, post nasal drip and headache