How is nuclear medicine different from other diagnostic procedures?
General imaging techniques usually depict anatomy and structure. Nuclear medicine imaging available at the Radiology Department of AESMC-a specialized medical hospital in the UAE, focuses on physiological processes within the body, such as chemical activities or metabolism rates. ‘Hot spots’ are areas of high intensity which indicate high levels of radiotracer accumulation. In contrast, ‘cold spots’ are areas of low intensity where low concentration of radiotracer indicates less metabolic activity.
Why do physicians at health centers and medical clinics in Abu Dhabi prefer nuclear medicine as a tool for medical diagnosis and analysis?
- Nuclear medicine eliminates the need for surgery to diagnose internal problems. Functional images provide physicians valuable information regarding your health.
- Imaging detects changes in the functions of organs early. For example, reduced blood supply to the heart is identified with a nuclear medicine examination well before a patient exhibits symptoms such as chest pain.
- A nuclear medicine scan is relatively less expensive and yields precise information compared to exploratory surgery.
- Doses of radiotracer administered are relatively low, which is acceptable for diagnostic exams. So the radiation risk is very low compared with the potential benefits opine doctors at AESMC, one of the best clinics in Abu Dhabi.
How safe is nuclear medicine?
- There are no known long-term adverse effects as per the expert opinion of medical professionals at AESMC, the reputed medical center, Abu Dhabi.
- The ‘Center for Nuclear Science and Technology Information’ states that about one-third of all procedures used in modern hospitals involve radiation or radioactivity. The procedures offered are effective, safe, and painless. Please follow the link below to understand better: anesthesia. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/248735.php
What medical conditions can be diagnosed with nuclear medicine?
The structure and function of an organ, tissue, bone or system within the body is visualized by medical practitioners using nuclear medicine imaging procedures. The following medical conditions can be identified and analyzed:
• Blood flow.
• Coronary artery disease.
• Damage to the heart following a heart attack.
• Treatment options such as angioplasty and bypass heart surgery.
• Problems in blood flow and respiration.
• Fractures, infection and arthritis.
• Metastatic bone disease.
• Painful prosthetic joints.
• Seizures, memory loss and abnormalities in blood flow.
• Neurological disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease.
• Parkinson’s disease or related movement disorders.
• Urinary tract obstruction.
• Hypertension/high blood pressure related to the kidney arteries.
• Kidneys infection versus scar.
• Urinary reflux.
• Stage of cancer/the presence or spread of cancer in various parts of the body.
• Evaluate response to therapy.
• Detect the recurrence of cancer.
How is the procedure performed?
The patient will require inhaling, swallowing or receiving an injection of a radiopharmaceutical/radiotracer/radioisotope which is a radioactive material. He/she will then lie down on a table, while a camera records pictures.
How does the radiotracer work?
The radiotracer accumulates in the organ or area of your body being examined. Here, it releases a small amount of energy in the form of gamma rays. Special cameras detect this energy, while a computer creates pictures with details on the structure and function of the organ/tissue.
What are the types of imaging techniques available at AESMC, Abu Dhabi Medical Center?
- Position emission tomography (PET).
- PET scans may eliminate the need for surgical biopsy and identify the best biopsy location by determining whether lesions are benign or malignant.
- PET scans offer additional information that is used for radiation therapy planning.
Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)
- PET and SPECT can help analyze the effectiveness of the treatment used.
- PET and SPECT offer insights into psychiatric conditions, neurological disorders, and addiction.
- Targeted molecular ultrasound is used to detect different kinds of cancer.
- Magnetic resonance solography is used to diagnose cancer and metabolic disorders.
How to prepare for a nuclear medicine examination at the AESMC Medical Center in Abu Dhabi?
- Please keep your doctor informed if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
- Mention recent illnesses, medical conditions.
- Inform about allergies and medications you are taking.
- You will be instructed on what to eat/drink beforehand.
- Remove jewelry.
- Wear loose, comfortable clothing. You may be provided with a gown.
For more information please contact Adam & Eve Specialized Medical Center, Abu Dhabi, today.