If you are a patient of high blood pressure, the chances of you suffering from a heart failure increase substantially. The relationship between your heart and the blood is similar to that between your muscles and weights. The more weights that you lift, the bigger your muscles will grow. Same is the case with the heart. The blood pressure in this case is the weight, which our heart is supposed to lift. As the blood pressure increases, the weight that the heart is expected to lift also increases, and the heart becomes bigger and thicker. However, unlike in the case of muscles, which by lifting weights tend to grow in size and become stronger, in the case of the heart, the increased size and thickness of the same is not a good sign. A thick heart is at a much higher risk of a heart failure. You can end up having a heart attack or a stroke.
There is another way of understanding the harmful effect that high blood pressure can have on your heart. The elevated levels of blood pressure mean extra work for the heart, and this overload of work causes a lot of stress on the heart muscles. This stress eventually leads to the enlargement of the heart and starts to affect the working capabilities of the same. As the heart becomes more and more tired, it will start to perform its functions slower and slower leading to various heart related problems.
High Blood Pressure Results In Atherosclerosis
All of the above discussed pressure and damage caused due to high blood pressure affects the arteries, which serve the heart, to become narrower in size. The size of the arteries reduces due to the accumulation of fat, cholesterol and various other substances. All these substances that get accumulated in the arteries are known as Plaque, and this entire process is called atherosclerosis. Once atherosclerosis sets in, the chances of blood clots forming increase. Eventually, these arteries can get blocked completely, either due to the accumulation of the plaque or due a blood clot formed due to the presence of the plaque. With these arteries blocked, the blood supply to the heart stops, and the heart becomes deprived of both oxygen and its required nutrients. This depravation can cause the heart muscles to fail, eventually leading to heart attacks and the death of the person.
In fact, high blood pressure and thick heart can eventually lead to kidney failure and vision impairment as well. Therefore, if you want to keep your heart and your various other organs safe and healthy, you need to make sure that your blood pressure levels are kept under control at all times.
Besides taking the medicines available in the market, against doctor prescription only, for keeping your blood pressure under control, there are many other changes in your lifestyle that you will have to make for the safety of your heart. Some of the ways in which the blood pressure can be kept within the safe limits, are as follows:
Depending on your physical condition, and your stamina levels, you can choose to do moderate or intensive exercising. No matter what form of exercise you choose, it is important that in a week’s time, you end up doing at least a minimum of 150 minutes workout.
Your weight can be a big reason for high blood pressure, and as soon as you lose a little weight, your blood pressure automatically comes down to the normal prescribed limits. Therefore, consult with a dietitian, and follow a healthy and a nutritious diet plan in order to reduce your weight.
Salt Is Your Enemy
No food can taste good without salt, but if you are a patient of high blood pressure, this same salt can be your biggest enemy. Salt increases the blood pressure levels, and therefore, reduce the amount of salt that you put in your cooked food, and make sure that you do not add any more salt to the food when on the table. Towards this end, you also need to reduce the consumption of processed food items, since they contain very high salt levels.
I am not talking about water here. Drink as much water as possible, but if you consume alcohol on a regular basis, you need to reduce your intake of the same. You do not need to stop drinking completely, although that would be amazing, but if you want to continue drinking, you will have to do so responsibly from now on. In the case of men, the consumption of alcohol on a daily basis should not exceed 3 to 4 units per day, and in the case of women, the limit is set at 2 to 3 units per day.
Do Not Miss Your Medicines And Regular Checkups
You cannot stop eating medicines on your own, nor can you increase the dose of the same without consulting with the doctor. You need to regularly monitor your blood pressure and if the same is fluctuating a lot, or is not coming under control with the current medicines, immediately contact your doctor and get new medicines prescribed. Take the medicines prescribed without fail.